Kenyan government takes another shot at infringing privacy and digital rights

by | Dec 17, 2020

The Kenyan government has signed a new bill that will let it demand access to data from its citizens’ cell phones, laptops, and other ICT gadgets which it believes has implications for national security. 

On December 12, 2020, Kenya’s President, Kenyatta Uhuru, assented to the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2020 that amends the country’s Official Secrets Act, 1968, among other laws. 

The Bill states that Kenyans with mobile phones or other communication devices will be required to provide emails, WhatsApp messages, SMS or any other data which the government deems a threat to national security. 

Those who refuse to provide the data upon demand run the risk of serving a one-year jail term and/or paying a fine of Ksh1 million (~$9,000).

Advertisement

The Bill initially gave the cabinet secretary in charge of security sweeping access to this data. But the new law demands that this information can only be obtained through a court order. 

Although the government insists that this law will curb rising cases of cybercrime and terrorism in the country, there are sufficient grounds for suspicion. When it comes to protecting the rights of its citizens, the Kenyan government, like most in Africa, has not covered itself with glory. 

First, a look at the law the Kenyan government is trying to amend. 

What’s the Official Secrets Act and what’s changed? 

Five years after its independence, the Official Secrets Act, 1968 was enacted to protect and preserve state secrets and state security. 

Under this law, the government could obtain a warrant and demand any telegraph message sent to and from Kenya at any time.

The amendment in 2020 replaces telegraph with telecommunications devices, and the new definition of data seemingly goes beyond the original scope of the Official Secrets Act. 

Unlike the telegraph, telecommunications devices carry a lot more data from diverse sources. In the information age, these are of great importance to individuals and various organisations. 

Advertisement

The cabinet secretary could initially demand this data when needed, but there appears to finally be a check with the need to obtain a court order. 

Interestingly, the government recently signed the Data Protection Act, 2019, which introduced comprehensive laws to protect its citizens’ data. 

The broad definition of data in the proposed amendment seems to be at odds with existing laws on the citizens right to privacy.

A room for abuse

Besides the court order requirement, there’s little indication that this law will not be a recipe for abuse. Also, the Kenyan government has attempted to invade its citizens’ privacy before. 

In 2017, the Communications Authority of Kenya pressured telecom companies like Safaricom, Airtel, and Telkom Kenya to install a data management software on all devices using their service. 

It stated that this would help detect fake mobile devices, stop illegal international calls originating from Kenya, and stop people from finding ways to boycott international call traffic. The CA later revealed that it was also part of measures to guard against cybercrime. 

However, Safaricom and other telcos did not install the software, stating that third parties could use it to access calls, texts, and sensitive information like financial details.

Protection or suppression

With several countries coming up with laws for data protection and digital rights, African countries seem to be presenting a mix of progressive and restrictive laws and regulations. 

In Nigeria, for instance, lawmakers are reviewing the Digital Rights and Freedom Bill to protect the rights of its citizens on the Internet, and the Social Media Bill that seeks to fine or imprison those who spread what the government considers to be falsehood on the Internet. 

Similarly, in Kenya, the Data Protection Bill and a Social Media Bill were under review in the House.

The Data Protection Bill has since been passed, but not much has been said of Kenya’s Social Media Bill since the uproar that ensued, but the recent amendment could raise more discussions. 

As we explored in this piece, Kenya was among some African countries that used the pandemic as an excuse to hound its citizens on social media. 

A certain Elijah Muthui Kitonyo was arrested for allegedly spreading misleading information on Twitter about the whereabouts of a COVID-19 patient in Kenya.

At other times, dissenting parties or peaceful protests are deemed acts detrimental to national security, so it is unclear what people will be ordered to reveal. 

Once again, the recent amendment seems to be another important piece of legislation with questionable provisions. 

https://zp-pdl.com/how-to-get-fast-payday-loan-online.php http://www.otc-certified-store.com/antifungals-medicine-europe.html https://zp-pdl.com/best-payday-loans.php http://www.otc-certified-store.com/osteoporosis-medicine-usa.html https://zp-pdl.com/emergency-payday-loans.php займ на карту 0 процентовденьга онлайн займ на картувзять займ у робота
Emmanuel Paul
Emmanuel Paul

Writer and narrator of technology, business and policies in Africa . Looking to chat? Catch up with me (@eruskkii) on Twitter or send a mail to emmanuel@techpoint.africa


Are you in tech and you are looking at getting a foreign remote job or you want to move abroad? Fill this form and you will get the BEST resources to help you get that high paying remote job as well as japa easily! WAGMI!

Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

Recent News

Reclaiming stolen African artefacts

Reclaiming stolen African artefacts

On #TechpointDigest, Victoria Fakiya (@latoria_ria) discusses how Traction wants to stop fake alerts, Canza Finance’s journey, Esaal’s $1.7m seed round, and JABU’s $15m series A.

[PODCAST] Relooting African art with NFTs

[PODCAST] Relooting African art with NFTs

What do you think about an NFT project that wants to reclaim Africa’s lost artefacts? Well, the editorial team had some interesting thoughts, and you can listen to this and other stories on today’s episode of #TechpointAfricaPodcast.

$2 million to drive learning via WhatsApp 

$2 million to drive learning via WhatsApp 

On #TechpointDigest, we discuss how major players in the African mobility space can change the mobility narrative, FoondaMate’s $2 million funding, Twitter Create, and AMP’s $5.6 million seed round.

[PODCAST] Taxing calls to give you healthcare

[PODCAST] Taxing calls to give you healthcare

The Nigerian government wants to tax phone calls to provide better healthcare. In today’s edition of the #TechpointAfricaPodcast, we discuss possible implications and upsides to this.

Subscribe to Techpoint Digest!

A daily 5-minute roundup of happenings in African and global tech, sent directly to your email inbox, between 5 a.m. and 7 a.m (WAT) every week day!

Please check your email to confirm your subscription.

Subscribe to Blockchain Explorer

Analysis oninnovation, regulations, and trends inthe blockchain sector, as it concerns Africa

Please check your email to confirm your subscription.

Subscribe to The Experts

A bi-weekly where tech career specialists take us on their journey from newbie to expert, and how they became successful in the industry.

Please check your email to confirm your subscription.

Subscribe to Founder's Table

A monthly series, where we catch up with founders in the startup ecosystem, learn about their failures, successes and a few tricks of the trade

Please check your email to confirm your subscription.

Copy link
Powered by Social Snap