NIBSS, BVN, and antitrust? Offline to online eCommerce infrastructure

by | Apr 28, 2021

This post is a delayed version of Techpoint Digest, a week-daily newsletter that rounds up major happenings in African tech. You can start receiving it hours before everyone else if you subscribe now

Good day,
Oluwanifemi and Emmanuel here.

Today we are discussing:

  • NIBSS, fintech, and BVN.
  • Nigerian serial entrepreneur taking on eCommerce infrastructure
  • Other interesting stories

NIBSS, BVN, and antitrust?

On April 8, 2020, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) banned fintech companies and non-bank financial institutions from Bank Verification Number (BVN) validation.
For context: The BVN was introduced by the CBN and the Bankers’ Committee in 2014 as a unique identifier for bank customers. It has aided the rise of fintech companies in the payments, lending, savings, and wealth management segments, among others.
The effect: The CBN’s directive essentially made it difficult for several fintech companies to onboard new customers.

According to Esigie Aguele, VerifyMe CEO, fintech companies have adopted other KYC frameworks like the National Identification Number (NIN) or use credit bureaus.
Possible reasons: The CBN has not expressly stated the reasons for implementing this ban, but several experts believe that it might be to drive NIN enrollment and/or combat the rising cases of fintech fraud.
Read: Fraud cases to watch out for in 2021 and The importance of the NIN exercise
Current structure: According to the CBN’s latest BVN guidelines, companies that have access to the BVN now fall under two tiers. Tier 1 companies, like banks, have full access to the BVN database and do not need the CBN’s approval.

Advertisement

Tier 2 companies, which include payments companies, law enforcement agencies, and credit bureaus, have access to limited datasets that will be approved by the CBN as recommended by the NIBSS.
Regulator or competitor? The NIBSS was founded in 1993 by a consortium of all licensed banks and the CBN. It currently provides verification services for names and addresses and payments services of various forms.

Though co-owned by licensed banks and the CBN, its actual ownership structure is quite vague.
Fintech companies offer some products that directly compete with the NIBSS and nearly every commercial bank; will this be a factor when they need approval to access the BVN database?

Taking a go at eCommerce infrastructure

Nigerian UK-based serial entrepreneur, Olumide Olusanya, has officially launched PayPecker — a fintech startup. He is the founder of defunct eCommerce startup, Gloo.ng, which pivoted to eProcurement, Gloopro, after almost seven years of operation.
Meanwhile, he claims Gloopro experienced a 150% YoY growth as of Q4 2020. Basically, the platform helps enterprises to carry out their purchases. To achieve this, the business banks on a wide reach of logistics and supply chain.

Olumide, one of Nigeria’s eCommerce pioneers, once submitted that the sub-Saharan African market isn’t ready for eCommerce while supporting his claims with some practical proof.

Emmanuel and I recently discussed how the situation hasn’t really improved in 2021. However, it should be said that the industry is experiencing a snail-paced evolution.
Read more: Africa accounted for <3% of global eCommerce in 2020
Not giving up on commerce: PayPecker, Olumide’s new endeavour, has been running for about six months; it’s UK-based and sub-Saharan Africa-focused.

PayPecker’s API seems to be what Mono, OnePipe, and Okra’s APIs are to banks, fintechs, and digital businesses. But it focuses more on aggregating channels where commerce takes place online and offline.
Still don’t get it? PayPecker wants to take eCommerce to where commerce is really happening in sub-Saharan Africa. Per Olusanya, it has built an offline-to-online (O2O) API that extracts real-time inventory positions of retailers/restaurants offline and exposes them to various eCommerce marketplaces like Jumia and GTB SME MarketHub.
To contextualise Olusanya’s explanation, imagine being able to order something on Jumia or any other marketplace and walking into your neighbourhood mall to pick it up.
This article readily comes to mind: Why groceries could be the magnetic pull needed by the Nigerian e-commerce market
Another interesting use case would be for platforms offering buy-now-pay-later (BNPL) options like Carbon, GT Bank, or Sterling Bank, whose customers can either use online stores or leverage walk-in retail outlets.

Fulfillment has been a huge issue for eCommerce globally. Has Olusanya made a compelling solution for the African market?
Other questions on our minds: What kind of retailers would be the best fit? Would this only feature those selling physical goods? How much hands-on work would this require? These are questions we’d be looking to ask Olusanya in the coming weeks.

Advertisement

What else are we watching?

  • ICYMI: Inside 2 decades of mobile telecommunications in Nigeria. Read.
  • Why Apple’s new privacy feature is such a big deal. Read
  • CBK Bill Highlights Some Digital Lenders Could Be Laundering Money. Read

Have a great day!
Oluwanifemi Kolawole & Emmanuel Paul for Techpoint Africa.

Techpoint Africa
Techpoint Africa

Techpoint Africa is a digital media company that amplifies the best innovations out of Africa through its mediadata, and events.

On January 22, 2022, be part of the largest gathering of innovators, startup founders, thinkers, programmers, policymakers, and investors in West Africa. Register free.

Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

Recent News

Subscribe to Techpoint Digest!

A daily 5-minute roundup of happenings in African and global tech, sent directly to your email inbox, between 5 a.m. and 7 a.m (WAT) every week day!

Please check your email to confirm your subscription.

Subscribe to Crypto Explorer

A monthly series featuring in-depth analysis on the cryptocurrency sector in Africa

Please check your email to confirm your subscription.

Subscribe to The Experts

A bi-weekly where tech career specialists take us on their journey from newbie to expert, and how they became successful in the industry.

Please check your email to confirm your subscription.

Subscribe to Founder's Table

A monthly series, where we catch up with founders in the startup ecosystem, learn about their failures, successes and a few tricks of the trade

Please check your email to confirm your subscription.

Copy link
Powered by Social Snap